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                                                                                                                  Chemicals  Acetone
Acetone

CAS number 67-64-1

Acetone CAS number [67-64-1]    Acetone formula C3H6O   chemical product

Identifiers

CAS number [67-64-1]natural product
RTECS number AL31500000
SMILES CC(=O)C InChI
1/C3H6O/c1-3(2)4/h1-2H3
ChemSpider ID 175

Properties

Molecular Weight: 58.08
Molecular formula C3H6O
Molar mass 58.08 g mol−1
Appearance Colorless liquid
Density 0.79 g/cm3
Melting point −94.9 C, 178 K, -139 F
Boiling point 56.53 C, 330 K, 134 F
Solubility in water miscible
Viscosity 0.32 cP at 20 C

Structure

Molecular shape trigonal planar at C=O
Dipole moment 2.91 D
Hazards
MSDS External MSDS
EU classification Flammable F
Irritant Xi
R-phrases R11, R36, R66, R67
S-phrases (S2), S9, S16, S26
NFPA 704 310
Flash point -17 C
Autoignition
temperature 465 C
Explosive limits 4.0–57.0

Related compounds

Related solvents Water
Ethanol
Isopropanol
Toluene
Supplementary data page
Structure and
properties n, εr, etc.
Thermodynamic
data Phase behaviour
Solid, liquid, gas
Spectral data UV, IR, NMR, MS

Product Overview

Acetone is one of the most widely used industrial solvents and is increasingly used as a chemical intermediate. See Product Uses.
Acetone is low in toxicity. It is a natural product of our body’s metabolism. See Health Information.
Acetone does not cause adverse health or environmental effects at levels typically found in the workplace or environment.
Acetone is extremely flammable with a high vapor pressure; use only with good ventilation and avoid all ignition sources. See Physical Hazard Information.

Product Description

Acetone is a clear, colorless, low-boiling, flammable and volatile liquid characterized by rapid evaporation and a faintly aromatic, sweetish odor.

It readily mixes with most organic solvents and mixes completely with water. However, compatibility should be checked prior to mixing with other solvents or materials.

Product Uses

Roughly 75% of the available acetone is used to produce other chemicals,4 and 12% is used as a solvent. Applications range from surface coatings, films and adhesives to cleaning fluids and pharmaceutical applications. Other consumer and commercial applications include:

* Lacquers for automotive/furniture finishes
* Cellulose acetate films and fibers
* Photographic films and plates casting
* Coatings and inks
* Resin thinners and clean-up operations
* General purpose cements
* Degreasing and degumming agents
* Paint, varnish, lacquer strippers
* Nail polish removers
* Various cosmetic product

Health Information

Acetone has been studied extensively and is generally recognized to have low acute and chronic toxicity if ingested and/or breathed. Breathing high concentrations (around 9200 ppm) in the air caused irritation of the throat in humans in as little as 5 minutes.

Breathing concentrations of 1000 ppm caused irritation of the eye and throat in less than 1 hour; however, breathing 500 ppm of acetone in the air caused no symptoms of irritation in humans even after 2 hours of exposure. Acetone is not currently regarded as a carcinogen, a mutagenic chemical or a concern for chronic neurotoxicity effects

Environmental Information

Acetone is not expected to present a threat to the environment because of its low toxicity, high volatility and complete solubility in water. The intent, however, is to minimize any exposure to the environment from manufacturing and use activities.

Firefighting guidelines should be followed closely. Additional information can be found on the Safety Data Sheet (SDS).

Physical Hazard Information

Acetone is a highly flammable material in both the liquid and vapor forms, has a relatively high vapor pressure, and should be handled only with adequate ventilation and in areas where ignition sources have been removed (e.g. matches and unprotected light switches).

 

Note /Government Notification: These chemicals are designated as those that are used in the manufacture of the controlled substances and are important to the manufacture of the substances. For any (Control Substance) products Import and Export *** subjected to your country government laws /control substance ACT.
Information: The information on this web page is provided to help you to work safely, but it is intended to be an overview of hazards, not a replacement for a full Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS). MSDS forms can be downloaded from the web sites of many chemical suppliers. ,also that the information on the PTCL Safety web site, where this page was hosted, has been copied onto many other sites, often without permission. If you have any doubts about the veracity of the information that you are viewing, or have any queries, please check the URL that your web browser displays for this page. If the URL begins "www.tajapi.com/www/Denatonium Benzoate.htm/" the page is maintained by the Safety Officer in Physical Chemistry at Oxford University. If not, this page is a copy made by some other person and we have no responsibility for it.
The Controlled Substances Act (CSA) was enacted into law by the Congress of the United States as Title II of the Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act of 1970.[1] The CSA is the federal U.S. drug policy under which the manufacture, importation, possession, use and distribution of certain substances is regulated. The Act also served as the national implementing legislation for the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs

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