Morphine sulphate Cas No. 64-31-3
USES: This medication is used to treat moderate to severe long-term
pain (usually lasting longer than a few days). It acts on certain centers in
the brain to give you pain relief. This medication is a long-acting narcotic
pain reliever (opiate-type).
HOW TO USE: Take this medication by mouth with or without food,
usually 2 or 3 times daily (every 8 or 12 hours) or as directed by your
doctor. If you have nausea, it may help to take this drug with food. Consult
your doctor or pharmacist about other ways to decrease nausea (such as
taking antihistamines, lying down for 1 to 2 hours with as little head
movement as possible).
Swallow the tablets/capsules whole. Do not crush, chew, or break the
tablets. Do not crush, chew, or dissolve the capsules or their contents.
Doing so can destroy the long action of the drug and may lead to the release
of a very large (possibly fatal) amount of drug into your body.
SIDE EFFECTS: Nausea, vomiting, constipation, lightheadedness,
dizziness, drowsiness, increased sweating, or dry mouth may occur. If any of
these effects persist or worsen, tell your doctor or pharmacist promptly.
To prevent constipation, maintain a diet adequate in fiber, drink plenty of
water, and exercise. Consult your pharmacist for help in selecting a
laxative (such as a stimulant type with stool softener).
Remember that your doctor has prescribed this medication because he or she
has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects.
Many people using this medication do not have serious side effects.
PRECAUTIONS: Before taking morphine, tell your doctor or pharmacist
if you are allergic to it; or to other narcotic pain medications (such as
codeine); or if you have any other allergies.
This medication should not be used if you have certain medical conditions.
Before using this medicine, consult your doctor or pharmacist if you have:
certain bowel diseases (paralytic ileus, infectious diarrhea).
Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical
history, especially of: kidney disease, liver disease, lung disease (such as
asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease-COPD), breathing problems
(such as slow/shallow breathing, sleep apnea), a certain spinal problem (kyphoscoliosis),
certain heart problems (irregular heartbeat), personal or family history of
regular use/abuse of drugs/alcohol, brain disorders (such as seizures, head
injury, tumor, increased intracranial pressure), underactive thyroid
(hypothyroidism), difficulty urinating (for example, due to enlarged
prostate or narrowed urethra), disease of the pancreas (such as pancreatitis),
mental/mood disorders (such as toxic psychosis), gallbladder disease,
adrenal gland problems (such as Addison's disease), intestinal disorders
(such as colitis, blockage).
MISSED DOSE: If you miss a dose, take it as soon as you remember. If
it is near the time of the next dose, skip the missed dose and resume your
usual dosing schedule. Do not double the dose to catch up.
STORAGE: Store at room temperature between 68-77 degrees F (20-25
degrees C) away from light and moisture. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep
all medicines away from children and pets.