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Nitroethane CAS number 79-24-3








HOME >> Chemicals >> Chemicals List 1 >> Nitroethane


CAS number 79-24-3

Nitroethane  formula: C2H5NO2

Molecular formula: C2H5NO2
CAS No: 79-24-3
EC No:

Physical data

Appearance: colourless oily liquid with an unpleasant odour
Melting point:
Boiling point: 114 C
Vapour density: 2.6 (air = 1)
Vapour pressure: 15.6 mm Hg at 20 C
Density (g cm-3): 1.05
Flash point: 31 C (closed cup)
Explosion limits:
Autoignition temperature:
Water solubility: slight


Contact with a variety of materials may cause fire or explosion, especially if heated. Incompatible with amines, strong acids, strong oxidizing agents, combustible materials, metal oxides, strong bases, alkalies.


Harmful if swallowed or inhaled. Typical TLV/TWA 100 ppm. Typical STEL 150 ppm.

Toxicity data :
ORL-RBT LDLO 500 mg kg-1
IPR-MUS LD50 310 mg kg-1

Personal protection

Safety glasses, good ventilation. Do not heat.

Nitroethane is a chemical used mainly as in industrial solvent, fuel additive, propellant, manufacture of pharmaceutical products and in artificial nail removers .

Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.

Nitroethane is an organic compound having the chemical formula C2H5NO2. Similar in many regards to nitromethane, nitroethane is an oily liquid at standard temperature and pressure.

Pure nitroethane is colourless and has a fruity odor. It is a high volume chemical, with over 1 million pounds of nitroethane being produced.

Nitroethane is produced industrially by treating propane with nitric acid at 350–450 C. This exothermic reaction produces four industrially significant nitroalkanes: nitromethane, nitroethane, 1-nitropropane, and 2-nitropropane.

The reaction involves free radicals, such as CH3CH2CH2O., which arise via homolysis of the corresponding nitrite ester. These alkoxy radicals are susceptible to C-C fragmentation reactions, which explains the formation of a mixture of products.

Nitroethane powderSynonyms/Related:

* Ethane, nitro-
* Nitroetan
* Nitroetan [Polish]
* Nitroethane
* Nitroethane [Flammable liquid]


o amines
o combustible materials
o hydrocarbons
o metal oxides
o strong acids
o strong alkalis
o strong oxidizers

Health & Regulatory Guidelines
NFPA 704 Rating:
o Health Hazardard Rating
o Fire Hazardard Rating
o Reactivity Hazardard Rating


Note /Government Notification: These chemicals are designated as those that are used in the manufacture of the controlled substances and are important to the manufacture of the substances. For any (Control Substance) products Import and Export *** subjected to your country government laws /control substance ACT.
Information: The information on this web page is provided to help you to work safely, but it is intended to be an overview of hazards, not a replacement for a full Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS). MSDS forms can be downloaded from the web sites of many chemical suppliers. ,also that the information on the PTCL Safety web site, where this page was hosted, has been copied onto many other sites, often without permission. If you have any doubts about the veracity of the information that you are viewing, or have any queries, please check the URL that your web browser displays for this page. If the URL begins " Benzoate.htm/" the page is maintained by the Safety Officer in Physical Chemistry at Oxford University. If not, this page is a copy made by some other person and we have no responsibility for it.
The Controlled Substances Act (CSA) was enacted into law by the Congress of the United States as Title II of the Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act of 1970.[1] The CSA is the federal U.S. drug policy under which the manufacture, importation, possession, use and distribution of certain substances is regulated. The Act also served as the national implementing legislation for the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs

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